Osteoarthritis (OA) is a painful disease that can affect any of over 200 joints. OA is the most common form of degenerative joint disease and one of the most damaging conditions. This disease is a complicated and varies in joint symptoms and how it progresses in each patient. Osteoarthritis has associated genetic and environmental risk factors as well. Each patient can manifest varying degrees of severity and the disease may impact different joints depending on many factors.
Osteoarthritis often presents slowly and without an obvious cause or injury. This is classified as primary joint osteoarthritis. Primary OA is the most common for of osteoarthritis joint pain is very often related with aging.
When joint osteoarthritis begins secondary to joint trauma, chronic disease, or repetitive use injuries, it is classified as secondary joint osteoarthritis. Additionally, multiple research studies have found that certain populations are at higher risk for joint osteoarthritis. Women, for example, are at a higher risk for developing osteoarthritis and may develop more severe disease.